Tutorial for Radius Dimensions

Please read the Tutorial for Linear Dimensions before, if you haven’t.

import ezdxf

# DXF R2010 drawing, official DXF version name: 'AC1024',
# setup=True setups the default dimension styles
doc = ezdxf.new('R2010', setup=True)

msp = doc.modelspace()  # add new dimension entities to the modelspace
msp.add_circle((0, 0), radius=3)  # add a CIRCLE entity, not required
# add default radius dimension, measurement text is located outside
dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=3, angle=45, dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS')
# necessary second step, to create the BLOCK entity with the dimension geometry.
dim.render()
doc.saveas('radius_dimension.dxf')

The example above creates a 45 degrees slanted radius Dimension entity, the default dimension style 'EZ_RADIUS' is defined as 1 drawing unit is 1m in reality, drawing scale 1:100 and the length factor is 100, which creates a measurement text in cm, the default location for the measurement text is outside of the circle.

The center point defines the the center of the circle but there doesn’t have to exist a circle entity, radius defines the circle radius, which is also the measurement, and angle defines the slope of the dimension line, it is also possible to define the circle by a measurement point mpoint on the circle.

The return value dim is not a dimension entity, instead a DimStyleOverride object is returned, the dimension entity is stored as dim.dimension.

Placing Measurement Text

There are different predefined DIMSTYLES to achieve various text placing locations.

DIMSTYLE 'EZ_RADIUS' settings are: 1 drawing unit is 1m, scale 1:100, length_factor is 100 which creates measurement text in cm, and a closed filled arrow with size 0.25 is used.

Note

Not all possibles features of DIMSTYLE are supported and especially for radial dimension there are less features supported as for linear dimension because of the lack of good documentation.

See also

Default Text Locations Outside

'EZ_RADIUS' default settings for to place text outside:

tmove

1 to keep dim line with text, this is the best setting for text outside to preserve appearance of the DIMENSION entity, if editing afterwards in BricsCAD or AutoCAD.

dimtad

1 to place text vertical above the dimension line

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, angle=45,
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS'
                         )
dim.render()  # required, but not shown in the following examples
../_images/dim_radial_outside.png

To force text outside horizontal set dimtoh to 1:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, angle=45,
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS',
                         override={'dimtoh': 1}
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_outside_horiz.png

Default Text Locations Inside

DIMSTYLE 'EZ_RADIUS_INSIDE' can be used to place the dimension text inside the circle at a default location. Default DIMSTYLE settings are: 1 drawing unit is 1m, scale 1:100, length_factor is 100 which creates measurement text in cm, and a closed filled arrow with size 0.25 is used.

'EZ_RADIUS_INSIDE' default settings:

tmove

0 to keep dim line with text, this is the best setting for text inside to preserve appearance of the DIMENSION entity, if editing afterwards in BricsCAD or AutoCAD.

dimtix

1 to force text inside

dimatfit

0 to force text inside, required by BricsCAD and AutoCAD

dimtad

0 to center text vertical, BricsCAD and AutoCAD always create vertical centered text, ezdxf let you choose the vertical placement (above, below, center), but editing the DIMENSION in BricsCAD or AutoCAD will reset text to center placement.

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, angle=45,
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS_INSIDE'
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_inside_0.png ../_images/dim_radial_inside_1.png

To force text inside horizontal set dimtih to 1:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, angle=45,
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS_INSIDE',
                         override={'dimtih': 1}
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_inside_horiz.png

User Defined Text Locations

Beside the default location it is always possible to override the text location by a user defined location. This location also determines the angle of the dimension line and overrides the argument angle. For user defined locations it is not necessary to force text inside (dimtix=1), because the location of the text is explicit given, therefore the DIMSTYLE 'EZ_RADIUS' can be used for all this examples.

User defined location outside of the circle:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, location=(4, 4),
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS'
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_user_outside.png

User defined location outside of the circle and forced horizontal text:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, location=(4, 4),
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS',
                         override={'dimtoh': 1}
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_user_outside_horiz.png

User defined location inside of the circle:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, location=(1, 1),
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS'
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_user_inside_0.png ../_images/dim_radial_user_inside_2.png

User defined location inside of the circle and forced horizontal text:

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, location=(1, 1),
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS',
                         override={'dimtih': 1},
                         )
../_images/dim_radial_user_inside_horiz.png

Center Mark/Lines

Center mark/lines are controlled by dimcen, default value is 0 for predefined dimstyles 'EZ_RADIUS' and 'EZ_RADIUS_INSIDE' :

0

Center mark is off

>0

Create center mark of given size

<0

Create center lines

dim = msp.add_radius_dim(center=(0, 0), radius=2.5, angle=45,
                         dimstyle='EZ_RADIUS',
                         override={'dimcen': 0.25},
                         )
../_images/dim_center_mark.png

Overriding Measurement Text

See Linear Dimension Tutorial: Overriding Measurement Text

Measurement Text Formatting and Styling

See Linear Dimension Tutorial: Measurement Text Formatting and Styling