See also

For usage of the groupby features see the tutorial: Retrieve entities by groupby() function

Groupby Function

ezdxf.groupby.groupby(entities: Iterable[DXFEntity], dxfattrib: str = '', key: KeyFunc = None) → Dict[Hashable, List[DXFEntity]]

Groups a sequence of DXF entities by a DXF attribute like 'layer', returns a dict with dxfattrib values as key and a list of entities matching this dxfattrib. A key function can be used to combine some DXF attributes (e.g. layer and color) and should return a hashable data type like a tuple of strings, integers or floats, key function example:

def group_key(entity: DXFEntity):
    return entity.dxf.layer, entity.dxf.color

For not suitable DXF entities return None to exclude this entity, in this case it’s not required, because groupby() catches DXFAttributeError exceptions to exclude entities, which do not provide layer and/or color attributes, automatically.

Result dict for dxfattrib = 'layer' may look like this:

{
    '0': [ ... list of entities ],
    'ExampleLayer1': [ ... ],
    'ExampleLayer2': [ ... ],
    ...
}

Result dict for key = group_key, which returns a (layer, color) tuple, may look like this:

{
    ('0', 1): [ ... list of entities ],
    ('0', 3): [ ... ],
    ('0', 7): [ ... ],
    ('ExampleLayer1', 1): [ ... ],
    ('ExampleLayer1', 2): [ ... ],
    ('ExampleLayer1', 5): [ ... ],
    ('ExampleLayer2', 7): [ ... ],
    ...
}

All entity containers (modelspace, paperspace layouts and blocks) and the EntityQuery object have a dedicated groupby() method.

Parameters
  • entities – sequence of DXF entities to group by a DXF attribute or a key function

  • dxfattrib – grouping DXF attribute like 'layer'

  • key – key function, which accepts a DXFEntity as argument and returns a hashable grouping key or None to ignore this entity.